The US space agency NASA has proposed missions to further study the dynamics of the Sun. The agency has picked five proposals for its missions. The missions aim to improve understanding of the dynamics of the Sun and also the space environment. The outcomes will help scientists enhance the understanding of how the space environment interacts and constantly changes around Earth. The results will also contribute to developing science equipment to protect astronauts, satellites, and communications signals in space. NASA said that each proposal offered a chance to observe something that has never been seen earlier. The studies have promised to provide unprecedented insights that will be vital for further exploration of the universe.
According to NASA, the five proposals were selected based on their potential science value. Also, their feasibility of the development plans was taken into consideration. Each proposal will get USD 1.25 million for studying the Sun’s dynamics. After the completion of the nine-month study, the space agency will pick up to two proposals. NASA scientists will then work forward to launch them. The cost for flight has been capped at USD 250 million. It is funded by the agency’s Heliophysics Explorers program. The program provides flight opportunities for investigations from space. NASA has been constantly seeking ideas and missions to push the boundaries of science in space.
Meanwhile, NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory has recently spotted the Sun releasing a burst of light and energy into space. It is known as a solar flare. The SDO has been observing the Sun for over a decade. It was launched in 2010 as a part of the Living With a Star program. The SDO spacecraft is expected to remain operational for another 10 years, thus helping scientists to understand the solar surface and the solar wind. According to NASA, this was B1-class solar flare which is the second smallest class of flare. Solar flares are abrupt giant explosions of energy and light on the Sun that release energy, light, and high-speed particles into space.