Public health officials in Oregon State have been screening four people for possible Ebola infection after they have returned from Guinea and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The Oregon health authority has said that they suspect that these people have been exposed to the Ebola virus during their recent visit to West Africa. The West African countries are struggling with the Ebola outbreak. However, health officials from Oregon State have said that four people who have returned from West Africa to the US seem to be low risk. The chief medical officer for health security, preparedness, and response at the OHA Public Health Division, Dr. Richard Leman has said that his team is making sure that these four individuals get enough support to keep a track of their health and to stay in touch with health officials. He has said that health officials will ensure that these people get quick medical care if they report any severe symptoms. Experts have said that Ebola is a highly infectious virus, which can spread via bodily fluids such as vomit, blood, or semen. Symptoms of the disease show up from 2 to 21 days after contracting the virus with an average of 8 to 10 days.
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has said that initially, the course of the disease grown from dry symptoms such as fever, aches, and fatigue, and then it steps forward to wet symptoms such as diarrhea and vomiting, as patients get sicker. Health experts have claimed that Ebola is a rare disease but if it is not addressed on time, it can be deadly. The Chief of World Health Organization Emergencies, Dr. Michael Ryan has informed that there are around 18 cases of Ebola in Guinea to date. Scientists believe that recent incidents of Ebola have been sparked by a survivor of a devastating Ebola epidemic in West Africa from 2014. Dr. Michael Ryan has said that a tiny proportion of Ebola survivors might end up carrying the virus, but they are not contagious to other people except in certain very specific situations.
The officials from the WHO have said that they have dispatched 30000 doses of vaccine to Guinea. Vaccine consignments and other therapeutic support as well are en route to the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The Ebola outbreak, which has taken place in West Africa from 2014 to 2016, has claimed more than 11000 lives. Dr. Ryan has said that as per the available genetic sequencing data recent cases of Ebola in West Africa cannot be linked to animals, the way nearly all past Ebola outbreaks have started. He has said that it seems that recent cases of Ebola are more likely to be linked to a persistent human infection. According to experts, it might be the longest time a virus ever endured between outbreaks. The CDC officials have said that the ministry of health in DRC has announced its 12th Ebola outbreak in the Biena Health Zone, North Kivu Province in February. Around 12 cases of Ebola and 6 deaths linked to the virus have been reported in DRC so far. At the beginning of this month, the CDC has directed all airlines to submit contact details of all US-bound travelers who have visited Guinea or the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in the past 21 days. The agency has prohibited non-essential travel for both nations and issued a Level 3 travel advisory.