A new study has made a shocking revelation that brain-boosting supplements might have multiple unapproved drugs. Experts have found five such drugs in these supplements, which have not been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Many people take these supplements to enhance their mental focus and memory. These brain-boosting medicines are known as ‘nootropics’ ‘smart drugs’ or ‘cognitive enhancers’ as well. These supplements are easily available over the counter. Such medicines promise an intelligent and focused mind but such supplements are not regulated by the FDA. This study has been released in an online issue of Neurology Clinical Practice. This is an official journal run by the American Academy of Neurology.
Dr. Pieter A Cohen, the author of the study has said that the use of these supplements has serious health implications. He has informed that along with five unapproved drugs, they have also been able to find many drugs that are not even mentioned on the labels of these supplements. Experts have said that the doses of these unapproved drugs have been four times higher than the usual dose. The author of the study has said that taking such supplements can be risky if it is combined with prescription drugs. He has advised people to seek medical advice before going ahead with such supplement medicines. Experts have looked for cognitive enhancers in the National Institutes of Health Dietary Supplement label Database and Natural Medicines Database. They have found 10 such supplements, which promise better mental functioning. Experts have inspected all the contents of supplements using different methods. They have calculated the quantity of each drug present in the supplements.
Experts have seen that all 10 supplements consist of a drug called Omberacetam, which is used to treat brain injury, and mood swings in Russia. They have observed that most of the proclaimed drug quantities on the labels of such supplements are incorrect. The author of the study has said that because these supplements are listed on the official database that does mean the labeling of such medicines is accurate. These dietary supplements do not need approval from the FDA unlike other pharmaceutical drugs, which need to be approved by the agency to be available for consumers. However, the FDA can take action on misleading labels of such supplements only after the drug is available in the market.